“The Name of God
from Archeology and Anthropology”
By what name did Abraham call God?
Genesis 11:31; And Terah took Abram his son and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter in Law, the wife of Abram his son and the went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees* to go to the land of Canaan, and they came as far as Haran and settled there.
* “Ur” was the capital of Sumeria.
Genesis 11:31, places Abram in the Third Dynasty of “Ur of the Chaldeans”. Hence, the origin of the name of God originates in the Kingdom of Sumer.
The first time Abraham’s God’s name appears anywhere in the Middle East is on the “Sumerian Kings List” and the “Sumerian Tablets”;
SKL 1:1 “After the kingship descended from the sky, the kingship was in Eridu. In Eridu, “Alulim became king.”
The first earthly king on the “Sumerian Kings List”, was; “Alulim of Eridu”, the first king of the Kingdom of Sumer.
SKL 1:1, is the first time Abraham’s God’s name is ever used.
A. Comparative Transcriptions (Linguistics);
AaLoH or Elohim (ruler)
Elohim and Allah originated from the Ancestor Worship of Alulim.
Most of the world calls God; “Allah” and are monotheist. And agree that Jews, Christians and Muslim worship the same God; “Allah”.
It’s only in the Christian world that God’s name is plural, to fulfill Roman mythology of the “Roman Imperial Cult”, which taught universalism (Catholic means “universal”), that all gods originated from the same origin. Jesus taught universalism.
B. The original Neolithic Pictographic* meaning of God as; “AaLu-LiM”;
“AaLu” is pictograph as; “Ruler”.
“AaLu-Lim” is pictograph as; “Ruler (of) Leaders*”.
* Search Google Images; “Sumerian Iconography” and “Sumerian gods”.
** “Leaders” were tribal leaders, sons of Alulim.
Judaism, Christianity and Islam, originated from the ancestral worship of “Alulim”.
C. Do a google search for "Hebrew", note the first letter of the Hebrew language is the "alef" which is symbolized by an "Ox".
Now research, “Where did the "alef (Ox)" originate? Tip, Abraham came from Ur of the Chaldeans, which is in Sumeria.
The “alef (Ox, “Bull of Heaven”)” is the first symbol of Sumerian Astrology (Zodiac).
The archeological facts are; “Judaism is an Aramaic religion, originating from Paleo Sumerian Astrologic Mythology (Zodiac).”
Alulim, (Allah, Elohim, God) was originally kep alive through ancestor worship throughout the entire middle east, for thousands of years before Abraham was born.
D. The fabrication of legend and gods, from which “ancestor and heros becomes legends and gods”. The formulation and the establishment of a legend, is: “an ancestor or hero, time, and distance”.
Abraham’s bible, was the; “Sumerian Tablets”.
In fact, there were at least a dozen of bibles* that preceded Moses’ bible (Torah/ Pentateuch) by 1000 years, these earlier bibles also resembled the Sumerian Tablets.
* “bibles” collection of writings that include history and laws.
Hence, Historians, Archaeologists and Anthropologists, search for the oldest artifacts or documents” of which are usually the most accurate. That, from the oldest artifact on, there is a progression of ancestors (or heroes) that became legends (gods).
The historical question is not; “Why does the the Sumerian Tablets differ from the book of Genesis?”, but;
E. “Why does Moses’ Genesis differ from the Sumerian Tablets: Epic of Gilgamesh and the other earlier bibles?”
1. Big Oral Gap l.
From the stone age until the historical age (3400 BC), from mythological to historical.
2. Big Oral Gap ll.
The 500 years of Oral Progression of God’s name, and Israel’s history;
That, from the time Abraham leaves Ur, until Moses writes the Torah; God’s name and the creation story, was passed orally for 500 years; from oral Sumerian, to oral Canaanite (Phoenician), to oral Egyptian for 15 generations while in slavery, then was finally written in the Canaanite script.
Moses was born in Egypt, raised as an Egyptian, and by all accounts Moses was an Egyptian. That the attributes of Moses’ supernatural god, specifically exceeded the Egyptian gods.
Finally, in the later days of Moses life, he writes Israel’s orally kept history, into the Canaanite script, which is now known as “Early Hebrew”, creating; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, (until 2487 AM*/ -1437 BC Moses dies).
* 500, 2487 AM, -1437 BC, these dates are based on Biblical dating.
The “Oral Progression” was the transformation of Abraham's ancestor worship, into Moses’ anti-Egyptian “supernatural God”.
Further note, there are many similarities and as many differences. The differences are classic cases of the progression of ancestor worship into legends (gods). From reality to legend.
II. The original Neolithic Pictographic* meaning of “God”, Hebrew; ALHYM “Elohim” and in Arabic; “Allah”,
Reading right to left;
A, Alef, symbolizes; Ox**; Sumerian Astrology (as Taurus).
L, Lamid, symbolizes; Staff; “Leads”.
H, Heh, symbolizes; Man.
Y, Yod, symbolizes; “Sky** (stars/ constellations)”.
M, Mem, as suffix symbolizes “multitudes”, plural of the Yod, as; stars/ constellations.
“ALH-YM” symbolizes; “Ox* – Staff – Man – Sky – Multitudes.”
“AaLoH-YiM” (Elohim) paraphrases as; “Ruler, Leads, Man, (to) Stars** (Astrological Constellations).
* Neolithic Pictographic; Search Google images: “Sumerian Iconography”, “Sumerian gods”, and “Canaanite Iconography”. Then, research the progression of God’s name from; Sinaitic Neolithic Pictographs, to “Proto Sinaitic pictogram”, to “Proto Canaanite” pictogram, to Proto Phoenician” pictogram, then “Proto Hebrew*” pictogram.
** “Ox” (Bull of Heaven) is a Chaldean Astrology sign, as the Greek Zodiac“Taurus”, symbolizing the Spring planting season and First of the New Year.
*** “Sky/ Stars”, meaning is from; “Astrological Constellations”.
Please note the differences between; “Pictograph” from “Pictogram”, when I am referring to “Neolithic Pictographs”.
A. Comparing “Alulim” to “Elohim”;
Sumerian; “AaLu-Lim” is pictograph as; “Ruler (of) Leaders”.
Canaanite/ Phoenician (Early Hebrew); “AaLoH-YiM” (Elohim); “symbolized as; “Ruler, Leads, Man, (to) Skies*”
* “Skies” are Astrological constellations (similar to Zodiac).
The original Mesopotamian meaning for “Allah” (AaLaH) is: “Ruler of man”.
Abraham called God, Sumerian; “AaLu-LiM (Allah)”
Moses called God, Canaanite/ Phoenician (Early Hebrew); AaLoH-YiM (Elohim).
The origin of the “Hebrew language” originated from; Sinaitic Neolithic Pictographs, “Proto Sinaitic pictogram”, Proto Phoenician” pictogram, “Proto Canaanite” pictogram, then “Proto Hebrew*” pictogram.
* what is called “Paleo Hebrew” is actually “Proto Phoenician pictogram”.
lll. The original Neolithic Pictographic meaning of Moses’ God as; “YHVH ALHYM”;
“YHVH” is Moses’ God’s “Specific title/ name”, further describing ALHYM (Elohim).
Genesis 2:4, is the first time “YHVH” is used in the Torah. Henceforth, Moses called God; “YHVH ALHYM”, specific as “The God of Abraham”, always singular.
The original Neolithic Pictographic Sumerian meaning for Lord, Hebrew; “YHVH”.
Reading right to left;
“Y” Yod, symbolizes; “ Sky (sun/ star)”.
“H” Heh, symbolizes; “Man”.
“V” Vah, symbolizes; “Earth.”
“H” Heh, symbolizes; “Man”.
YHVH symbolizes; “Sky, Man, Earth, Man”.
“YHVH” Paraphrases as; “Sky Man (to) Earth Man”.
In Sumerian Mythology (Sumerian Tablets), Alulim came “from the sky, to the earth”.
A. When “YHVH” is used as a title/ name of a priest in astrology;
“YHVH” Paraphrases as; “Sky Watcher* (of) Earth Man”.
“Yah”, Sky Man simply means; Sky Watcher”. “Yah” is simply the “Priest”, who watches the sky.
Summary of God’s specific title/ name;
“YHVH”; ““Sky Man (to) Earth Man”.
“ALHYM”; (AaLaH-YiM) “Ruler Leads, Man, (to) Skies (Sumerian Astrology).
Furthermore, when men used “El”, “Yah”, or “ah” in their names, it just simply meant they were “skywatchers”, the priests who interpreted the movement of the sun, moon and stars (constellations/ astrology).
IV. The original Neolithic Pictographic meaning of Moses’ God as; “AHYH”;
AHYH is the specific name of God as; “Most High” title/ name”. “AHYH” is first used in Exodus 3:14.
A Alef, symbolizes; Ox*, Sumerian Astrology (as Taurus)
H Heh, symbolizes; Man
Y Yod, symbolizes; Sky
H Heh, symbolizes; Man
AHYH symbolizes; Ox, Man, Sky, Man.
AHYH paraphrases; “Ruler (of) Sky Watcher*”.
* “Sky Watcher” is the “Priest” who watched the sky for the seasons, for planting and harvesting.
A. Comparing YHVH to AHYH;
YHVH = Paraphrases as; “Sky Watcher (of) Earth Man”.
AHYH = Paraphrases as; “Ruler (of) Sky Watcher.”
YHVH = “Priest of Man”
AHYH = “King of Priest”
V. The Neolithic Pictographic meaning of; “AHYH-Asher-AHYH:
Exodus 3:14; Moses said to God, “When I come to the Israelites and say to them; ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you’ and they ask me, ‘What is His name? what shall I say to them?” And God said to Moses, “AHYH-Asher-AHYH.” He continued, “Thus shall you say to the Israelites, “AHYH sent me to you.” 15 And God said further to Moses, ‘Thus shall you speak to the Israelites; The Lord, the God of your Fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you;
This shall be my name forever, This is my remembrance for all eternity.”
“AHYH-Asher-AHYH (PH),” “Asher” means; “Anoints (Blesses).”
A. The meaning of AHYH Asher AHYH is;
“King (of) Priest, anoints (blesses), King (of) Priest”
That, God anoints (blesses) Himself, there is no one higher, God is; “The Most High”.
On the other hand; God as the; “Most High; King of Priest”, who anoints men as earthly; “kings of priests”.
VI. The Transliteration of God’s name as the; “I Am” or “I AM that IAM”
Exodus 20:7, Do not take the name of YHVH ALHYM in vain”.
Hence, Jews only use God’s name in The Temple, or in worship. Outside of the Temple, Jews use the acronym (transliteration) of God’s name as: “The I Am”.
On the other hand, Jews often forgot the name of their god, and the meaning of his name. Hence, Jews transliterated God’s name as “I AM”.
Henceforth, for common use, in public, you will only see, hear, or define God’s name as “I Am”. That God’s true name and definition is kept secret from non-Jews.
That, if you are not Jewish, you are not worthy to know God, or the meaning of his name. For you, God’s name is “I Am”, and the “Heh” of YHVH is symbolized by a hand.
A. God’s name as: “YHVH ALHYM” is used 7000 times in the Tanakh (OT), beginning in Genesis 2:4, where God say’s; “I AM” - YHVH ALHYM”.
Is God’s name “I AM” or “YHVH ALHYM”?
God’s name is “YHVH ALHYM”.
The “I Am” is only a conjugation, often used as an acronym for God’s name.
B. Only if you are Jewish, are you privileged to know Abraham's God’s name and the meaning of his name;
If you are Jewish;
The “Alef” is just as it appears to be, an “Ox”.
The “Heh”, of “YHVH” is just as it appears to be, a “man”.
“YHVH”; “Sky Man (to) Earth Man”.
“ALHYM”; (AaLaH-YiM, Elohim) “Ruler Leads, Man, (to) Skies (Sumerian Astrology).
As calling God; “The I Am”, “YHVH” symbolic meaning* is also altered to hide the sacred meaning of God’s name from non Jews.
* Search Google images: “Sumerian Iconography” and “Canaanite Iconography”. Then, research the progression of God’s name from;
Sinaitic Neolithic Pictographs, to “Proto Sinaitic pictogram”, to Proto Phoenician” pictogram, to “Proto Canaanite” pictogram, then “Proto Hebrew*” pictogram.
Vll. Chronological Review, and the progression of ancestor worship, into a supernatural God;
A. Mythological Era (Oral Era);
Big Gap l. From the stone age until the historical age (-3400 to -2800 BC)
-250,000 (-100,000) BC is the Prehistoric Mythological Age.
Sumerian Mythological, Alulim of Eridu as Ancestor Worship. Of which “kings and kingdoms (Alulim, Enki and Enlil) descended from the sky/ constellations”.
-12,000 BC, Neolithic Age (Neolithic Pictograph Era) begins
-10,500 BC, Proto Picturgram Era begins
-5000 BC, Jushur, First Dynasty of Kish is the “Contemporary Age of; Biblical Creation, based on the “Sumerian Kings List”. Some scholars early date; -3100 BC.
-3761 BC Biblical Adam and Eve* and the Great Flood” (Jushur lived 1200 years, Adam lived 930 years).
* “Adam and Eve’s” names are Canaanite in origin.
B. -3400 to -2800 BC “Historical Era begins”.
-2600 BC, First Dynasty of Ur, to Third Dynasty of Ur.
-2500 BC, Canaanite Ebla Tablets (bible), note these tablets (bibles) predate Abraham by 1300 years.
Also note “the Canaanite script”, predated Abraham and Moses:
Canaanite (Phoenician) script = Early Hebrew
1000 years before Abraham came to Canaan, the Canaanites were worshiping many gods and demigods, with the names of; “ALHYM” (Elohim and versions of Elohim) and “YHVH”.
The titles of God as YHVH and ALHYM (Elohim) predates Moses, by 1000 years (Moses did not write the Torah until -1300 BC) in Canaan.
-2000 BC Canaanite “Mari Letters”, Elohim is their god.
-1813 BC Abraham born
C. -1600 BC Sumerian Historical Era (written history) begins.
-1500 BC Canaanite Alalakh Texts* (bible)
-1350 BC Canaanite Amarna Texts* (bible)
D. The Big Gap ll:
Begins from the time Abraham left Sumeria, God’s name and Jewish history was orally kept for 500 years, thru 15 generations while slavery in Egypt. In which the attributes of Moses’ God, became Anti-Egyptian gods.
That, God’s name and the creation story, was passed “orally” from oral Sumerian, to oral Canaanite, to oral Egyptian, then finally transliterated into the Canaanite written script. Early Hebrew is the Canaanite (Phoenician) script.
From the time Abraham leaves Sumeria until Moses writes the Torah, there was an “Oral Progression” of Alulim, from ancestor worship, into a supernatural God.
E. -1300 BC, begins the “Jewish Historical Age”, or Mosaic Period (Early/ Modern writings Era).
After the exodus, while in the desert, Moses writes the oral accounts of Creation, as he and the priests recalled, into the Early Canaanite (Phoenician) Early Hebrew script, known to the Jews as the “Torah” (first five books of the Old Testament).
Moses was born and raised in Egypt for forty years (by all accounts Moses was an Egyptian), fled to Midian for another forty years (influenced by his father in law, Jethro, the Druze* Priest of Midian).
“Adam (Adom)”, “Eve”, “Cain”, and “Abel”, are Proto Canaanite names in origin.
F. The Post Egyptian “Onomastics Theophory” meaning of the name of; “YHVH” became;
1. The Modern Phonetic Comparative meaning of YaH:
"Y" Yod is; "Living."
"H" Heh is "breath."
The literal phonetic comparative meaning of "Y-aH is "Living Breath
(Being or Essence of God)."
The root of "YaH" is from "air or wind, the breath, essence or spirit
of God, as in Gen 2:7, and 3:22, where the meaning of "Cha-YaH" is;
"Living Being" or "Living Breath."
The Modern Phonetic comparative meaning of "YaH" is; "Living Breath
The V "Vav" is a conjunction "and." And the "aH" means; "breath (feminine),"
"VaH" is in the feminine form of "being, or the breath, essence, or
spirit of God. V-aH is woman or the breath of life that is given from
childbirth. The root of "aH" is from "air or wind as in Gen 2:7, 3:22;
"chayah." As in the Jewish female's name of Havah/ Chavah (Eve) in
which "Ha-Vah means "the breath of life."
* "Vah" as "HaVah" (Eve) Gen 3:20 And the man named his wife HaVah
(Eve) because she was the mother of all living. The root of Yah is air
or wind, so Vah (Eve) is taken from the rib of man, from the breath of
The phonetic comparative meaning of "Vah" is; "and Breath (feminine)."
In the phonetic comparative, YHVH means; "Living Breath (m) and Breath (f).
G. Later Transcriptions (Linguistics);
10th to 6th century BC, Archaic Biblical Hebrew/ aka; Paleo Hebrew
8th to 6th century BC, Standard Biblical Hebrew
500 BC Exile into Babylon
5th to 3rd century BC to Late Biblical Hebrew, by Ezra and Nehemiah,
H. -350 BC, the Greek Septuagint LXX, the Greek translation of the Tanakh (OT Bible), used; “Kyrios Theos” (Lord God) to describe YHVH ALHYM;
Kyrios = Ruler (tribal ruler)
Theos = Divine (Supernatural)
-150 BC, Hasmonean Dynasty begins (Sadducees).
I. -3rd century BC to -1st century CE (AD), to Dead Sea Scroll Hebrew,
70 CE (AD) Fall of the Second Temple and the slaughter of all Jewish Priests: Sadducees, Pharisees and all reputable religious leaders.
J. Big Gap lll
From the time of the fall of The Second Temple in Jerusalem and the deaths of all Jewish Priests (70 AD), until the beginning of the writing of the Talmud, there was a 200 year gap, of which God was forgotten, and the Hebrew language was lost.
250 CE, Masoretic Text Hebrew/ Rabbinic Hebrew,
Non reputable, non priestly teachers, transliterated God’s name as; “The I AM that I AM. This is the post second Temple mischievous era transliteration, Hillel the Benjamite, who had no ties to the Jewish High Priests, begins the writings of the Talmud, and transliterated God’s name as; “I AM”, or “I AM that I AM, “HaShim (The Name) or Adonai (Lord/ Master)” in place of YHVH.
K. Modern block Hebrew, as used today.
L. 1500 CE, most English translators translates YHVH as; “Lord.” And AaLa as; “god or God”.
M. In the Arabic nations; Jews and Arabs pronounce the “Vav” with a “V” sound. I strongly encourage people to learn Hebrew from a Jewish synagogue.
The Germans pronounced their “v” as “w”, and their “w” as “v”. Causing a lot of confusion the the European world. So when, the English translated the name of God, they erroneously used the transliterations; Yehowah, or Yahowah. And this confusion continues today.
Vlll. The gods of Genesis Chapters 1-6;
In Genesis Chapters 1-6, “elohim” was the common Proto Phoenician/ Proto Canaanite/ name for a god or gods. The AaLoH- YiM (elohim) as gods, were simply the Canaanite (Phoenician) kings or priests (prophets) who watched the sky, for the seasons, to plant and harvest.
To differentiate elohim (god or gods) from Abraham’s God, was the addition of the title “YHVH” to elohim, creating; “YHVH Elohim” (singular), specifically as the name/ title of “The God of Abraham”.
A. Paleo vs Early writings;
1. Paleo writings are; “Symbols” (Pictographs), an antelope looks as an antelope, and a house looks like a house etc…
Go on the internet and take a look at what is being called; "Paleo Hebrew" on the internet.
What isn't right? It’s not Pictographs as Hieroglyphics.
2. “Early languages” are; “Phonetic”, the sounding out of words.
Thus, what is called; “Paleo Hebrew” is actually a Phonetic language, thus is an “Early language”, not Paleo Pictographs.
There is no such pictograph or script as; “Paleo Hebrew”. What is called “Paleo Hebrew” is actually “Early Canaanite” which evolved from the Phoenician Script.
From which, the name of god/ gods, both “YHVH” and “Elohim”, preceded Moses by 1300 years, in ancient Phoenician and Canaanite temples.
The Proto Phoenician and Proto Canaanite; “heh” clearly symbolizes a man. But, most dictionaries and encyclopedias only gives the Post Temple “modern sound”; as with the “yod” sounding “hand”.
Furthermore; the Early Canaanite “mem” as a suffix symbolizes “men” (multitudes, or nations).
As with the name of Abra- “ham”; “Ab-ra” means “first father”, and the “heh” means “man”. With the suffix “mem”, the “heh” clearly means; “men” (nations).
With new archaeological discoveries made daily, it has become easier to make better translations of the Early Canaanite and Early Hebrew scripts. Yet it is difficult (to impossible) to re-educate the old schoolers, hence most of what you read on the internet is still, “Post Temple old school”.
B. Monotheistic Compound Names;
Abraham = “First Father of Nations” is a compound name;
Ab - ra = “First Father”, is singular
ham = “Men” (Leaders /Nations), is plural
Alulim = “Ruler of Leaders” is a compound name;
Alu = “Ruler”, is singular
lim = “Men” (Leaders/ Nations), is plural
“YHVH AaLoH-YiM” (Elohim) is a “compound name”;
“AaLoH” = Ruler Leads Man”, is singular.
“YiM” Skies (Stars/ Constellations), is plural.
C. In Genesis 1 and 2; “ALHYM” (Elohim) the gods, is contextually plural.
Genesis 2:4, “YHVH AaLoH-YiM” (YHVH Elohim) is always singular.
In the Aramaic Nations, of Israel and the Muslim countries, from which God’s name originated, the name of God; “YHVH Elohim” is always singular.
It is only in the Christian countries, that God’s name “YHVH AaLoH-YiM” is taught plural, “to fulfil Roman Mythology”.
D. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are “Arab religions”. The Yamaka (skullcap, or Kippah) are symbolic of the Arabian turbans that were worn in the desert.
Both Allah and Elohim originates from the Arabic root; “AaLu” (Alulim).
“Elohim” is the Post 2nd Temple, Western Modern Hebrew pronunciation, which originated in 200 CE.
Note; In the Paleo or Early historical eras, I intentionally use “AaLu” as; “ruler”, that “AaLu” as the concept of a “king” or a “supernatural god” was not devised until Moses challenged the Egyptians, just prior to the exodus.
E. Monotheistic Comparative Mythology;
Comparatively, all kingdoms, and all religions of the world, originated from a single “monotheistic ruler”, with a King of kings, whose sons were minor kings of cities or provinces.
Likewise, with the Kingdom of Sumer, and the Sumerian religion; Alulim was the monotheistic “Ruler Leads” (King of kings), who reigned over his sons.
Hence, Judaism preserved it’s Sumerians monotheistic kingship/ monotheistic Alulim/ Allah/ God.
The carvings, pictographs and pictograms of a “man with the head of ox” which were called “Baal”, are actually of Alulim. Ox = Alulim
G. Jews claim; “their Hebrew language is a Semitic language and it was taught to the Canaanites”, but the archaeological evidence shows otherwise.
a. There are no archeological evidence that the “Hebrew script” originated from ancient Mesopotamia, Sumeria or from Akkadia.
That, the Hebrew script nor Hebrew artifacts, has never been found in any archaeological digs in ancient Sumeria or in Akkadian archaeological digs, nor anywhere in Mesopotamia (Iraq), prior to -1300 BC, from when Moses wrote the Torah.
b. On the other hand, the Canaanite and Phoenician scripts (-2500 BC) pre dates Abraham (born in 1800 BC).
There has been hundreds of inscriptions of “yhvh” and “elohim” found in Canaanite and Phoenicians pagan temples, as the “Canaanite Ebla Tablets (-2500 BC), and Canaanite “Mari Letters” (-2000 BC), of which yhvh and elohim are their gods.
These Canaanite tablets (bibles) and script predate Abraham by 1300 years.
What this means the “Hebrew Language” originated from the Canaanite and Phoenician scripts. Other evidence of this, is the fact the Early Hebrew script matches Early European scripts and vowles systems.
Moreover, the Canaanite gods and Phoenicians gods “yhvh and elohim”, were found in pagan temples -2500 BC (predating Abraham and Moses) and were found all around the Mediterranean Sea, from western Egypt to southern Italy.
Finally, all the post Egyptian names used by Moses in the Torah, as “Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel”, are Canaanite in origin.
Moses wrote the Torah in the Canaanite/ Phoenician script.
Sumerian Ziggurat (Pyramids); https://youtu.be/MB7i1h3whn4
“Eridu Ur Uruk Nippur” (Origin of God and Abram); https://youtu.be/7EkMmw71Zy4
Research; “Sumerian Kings List”, “Sumerian Tablets”, “Sumerian Astrology Tablets”, “Babylonian Astronomy”, Babylonian Astrology”, “Religions of Mesopotamia”, Anu, Enki, Enlil, Alulim, Adapa, “Sumerian Pictograph”, and “Sumerian Cuneiform Script”.